Genocides: A World History – Chapter 2

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This chapter of Genocides: A World History opens up with explaining the connection between war and genocides. It then continues to detail the explanations of the Mongols and the genocides they committed . The Mongols would dominate huge amounts of territory by invading and killing almost everyone in the territories. Yet they would skillfully take those with talents such as blacksmiths and send them back to become slaves, they would also take women and children and give them to soldiers.

Although for some cities the Mongols were more relentless and would kill all. There were accounts of soldiers killing civilians of a city, then waiting until the civilians that survived crept back for food, then the soldiers would kill again and repeat this until there was no one else left to kill. These extensive amounts of Mongolian genocides was never really understood but it’s believed it was simply for power; to see “the people half dead with fear” made it easier to be able to conquer and rule.

Another group that committed mass amounts of killing was the crusaders. Crusaders would kill people who were against Christianity and believed that because crusaders were in a campaign blessed by Christ that the actions of killing or even rape were justifiable. In some murders from crusaders they would kill Jews or even some Christians when targeting Muslims. Pope innocent lead crusaders on some of the most violent raids with one of the worst massacres in history using the idea that “Kill them all, For god will know his own”. The pope used this massacre to scare any other cities that may want to become rebellious.

Both these groups used mass killings to gain power and scare others to subdue to their power and leadership. Overall, proving that fear and violence can be one of the best but most immoral way to gain power.

Questions:

What was really gained from killing mass amounts of people? Is power gained from fear of death true power?

Why do people still defend the actions of crusaders (especially regarding their actions being genocides or not) despite them falling into the classification of genocides?

At what point in time was mass killings or genocides truly diminished in amounts of occurrence of them happening?

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